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ANZ reveals 95,000 loans were in COVID-19 deferral

ANZ reveals 95,000 loans were in COVID-19 deferral

Some 95,000 ANZ customers were accessing the bank’s COVID-19 assistance after experiencing financial difficulty due to COVID-19.

The bank said it had deferred home loans repayments for around 95,000 out of more than 1 million mortgages during the pandemic.

ANZ said there were 55,000 accounts where six month deferrals had been completed as at October 15.

Some 79 per cent are returning to full payment, 20 per cent had requested a further deferral, and 1 per cent have restructured their loan or sought additional support.

More than half of those home loan borrowers have either ended their deferral arrangements or advised ANZ what they intend to do when the loan repayment holiday ends.

The quantum was reportedly down 10 per cent month-on-month.

“I would like to acknowledge the terrific work of our 39,000 people who have done a great job for our customers and shareholders in very difficult circumstances despite competing priorities over this extended period,” the ANZ boss Shayne Elliott said.

ANZ also took a look at the credit transactions in its customers’ accounts, and advised 80 per cent have “stable or improved income”.

The revelation came as ANZ reported its full-year net profit dropped 40 per cent to $3.58 billion in the 2019-20 financial year.

ANZ still plans to pay shareholders a final dividend of 35 cents per share.

The ANZ website advised customers may be able to put your home loan repayments on hold for up to six months (but interest will continue to be charged on your loan during this period). You will not be required to make any repayments to your home loan during the assistance period.

During the assistance period when repayments are on hold, interest will continue to be charged on your home loan and will need to be paid back over your remaining loan term.
This is known as interest capitalisation.

The total loan amount owed therefore increases when repayments are on hold during the assistance period.

It also revealed ANZ has more than 236,000 commercial lending accounts in Australia with around 23,000 having received a deferral on their business loan repayments.

As at 15 October, 15,000 business loan accounts have completed their deferral or advised their intended action at maturity.

Of these deferrals 1,600 have received a four month extension with 60 percent of those being from Victoria and impacted by the longer lockdown.

On customer sentiment, speaking to bluenotes via video-link from the bank’s Melbourne headquarters with its group executive Australia retail & commercial Mark Hand said although Australia’s economy is recovering well from the COVID-19 crisis, “customers are still feeling anxious about the future.”

“[Australia has had] many years of economic growth. So it’s been a long time since our customers have seen anything like a recession,” he says. “It’s important in times like this [for] customers to ask questions, to go back to their trusted advisors.”

“Take a breath, have conversations with people that have been through this scenario. Talk to your banker and really think about how you want to manage for the next six or so months.”

In New Zealand ANZ has more than 529,000 home loan accounts in New Zealand with around 24,000 having received a deferral on their loan repayments. As at 15 October, there are 10,000 accounts in NZ currently on a deferral plan, representing 2% of the total New Zealand mortgage book.

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The RBA has lifted the cash rate to 0.35 per cent. Here’s what it means for home buyers and owners

cash rate lifted

Borrowers could see higher mortgage repayments within weeks, with the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) increasing the official interest rate for the first time in more than a decade.

The RBA board on Tuesday decided to increase its cash rate target by 25 basis points to 0.35 per cent, in a bid to control inflation which, according to the most recent figures from the ABS, is rising at its fastest pace in 21 years.

So now that the cash rate has gone up and is predicted to continue rising over the coming months, what will this mean for home buyers and home owners with mortgages?

How will rising interest rates affect home buyers? 

Buyers looking to enter the property market could see a reduction in their borrowing power as a result of the cash rate increase.

When banks approve home loan applications, they assess borrowers’ ability to repay their home loans at an interest rate several percentage points higher than the mortgage rate, known as the assessment rate.

With interest rates and mortgage repayments now rising, some potential borrowers may see a reduction in the maximum amount of money they could otherwise have borrowed, as lenders look to ensure that borrowers will be able to continue repaying their home loans, even at higher interest rates.

Buyers may experience different levels of reduction to their borrowing power, depending on their circumstances and the lender, says Gregory Boustead, home loan specialist at Domain Home Loans.

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How much will mortgage repayments increase when interest rates rise?

mortgage repayments

It’s the million-dollar question on home owners’ minds: When will interest rates rise and how will that affect home loan repayments?

While economists and the big four banks expect the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) to increase the cash rate target from June, no one knows for certain when rates will rise and by how much.

 An increase to the cash rate will see borrowers with variable-rate home loans facing higher mortgage repayments, assuming banks pass on rate hikes to customers, which is highly likely.

But whether you’re on a fixed or variable rate home loan, it’s worthwhile reviewing your mortgage before the cash rate increases, says Lianna Mills, senior home loan specialist at Domain Home Loans.

“Sitting and waiting for [an increase] to happen will not benefit home owners,” she says. “It’s important to look at your home loan now.”

So when are interest rates expected to go up and how high are rates predicted to rise?

When will interest rates rise?

The conditions for a cash rate hike – full employment, sustained wage growth and increasing inflation – are expected to be met in June, says AMP Capital’s chief economist, Shane Oliver.

“You can make an argument conditions have already been met,” he says. “But the Reserve Bank doesn’t want to raise rates in an election campaign, so they won’t be hiking in May.”

If interest rates do rise in June, borrowers with variable-rate home loans may have about a month to prepare for an increase in their mortgage repayments.

But how high the cash rate will rise could be the difference between paying tens of dollars or hundreds of dollars more per month.

Each month, the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) board meets and sets the cash rate target, sometimes referred to as the “official” interest rate. The cash rate serves as a benchmark for home loan interest rates, which are normally a few percentage points higher. Lenders often adjust their variable interest rates based on movements of the cash rate, but aren’t obliged to do so.

What could the first interest rate hike be?

The RBA has historically moved the cash rate in 0.25 per cent increments. Therefore, it’s possible the RBA will move in line with historic trends, Mr Oliver says.

“The general expectation is that the first hike will be to get us back to 0.25 per cent, which will be a 0.15 per cent hike,” he says. “Thereafter, the Reserve Bank would move in 0.25 per cent increments.”

home loan

Source: Domain Home Loans Repayment Calculator
The above table shows the approximate amounts monthly home loan repayments could increase if interest rates rise. Based on a 30-year principal and interest loan with an initial 2.5% interest rate. Information is intended as a guide only. Fees and charges excluded. 

If the cash rate increased by 0.15 per cent, borrowers with a $500,000 mortgage on a 30-year term could expect to pay an additional $39 per month on their home loan repayments. For those with a $1 million mortgage, it could mean an additional $79 per month.

mortgage repayments

For borrowers on a variable rate home loan, the amount their repayments increase will depend on the size of their mortgage and how high the cash rate goes. Photo: Greg Briggs

However, it’s possible the RBA will conclude that 0.15 per cent is too small of an increase, and may start with a larger hike to show a stronger commitment to keeping inflation down, Mr Oliver says.

“I think this first hike might actually be 0.4 per cent,” he says. “If we work on the basis that the RBA wants to get back to 0.25 per cent increments, they may want [the target] at 0.5 per cent and, to do that, they’ve got to go 0.4 per cent.”

If the cash rate increased by 0.4 per cent, borrowers on the same $500,000 mortgage could expect to pay an additional $106 per month. For those on the same $1 million mortgage, it could mean an additional $211 per month.

How high could interest rates get?

Much like asking when the cash rate will rise, economists will tell you there’s no easy answer when it comes to how high the cash rate will climb over time.

“It’s a bit of a guessing game at this point,” Mr Oliver says. “We don’t know how households will respond to increases in interest rates for the first time since 2010, particularly given that they’re coming from record lows.”

mortgage repayments

The RBA will take increased levels of household debt into consideration when deciding how high to raise the cash rate. Photo: Vaida Savickaite

But because of increased levels of household debt, Mr Oliver says the RBA won’t need to raise interest rates to 5 or 6 per cent, as they have done historically, to get inflation back under control.

He expects the cash rate to reach 1 per cent by the end of 2022 and 1.5 per cent by 2023. Thereafter, if inflation substantially decreases, he expects the rate could drop again.

The big banks offer mixed forecasts for the peak of the rate-tightening cycle. Commonwealth Bank expects the cash rate to peak at 1.25 per cent in early 2023, while Westpac predicts a peak of 2 per cent in mid-2023. ANZ expects the cash rate to reach 2 per cent by the end of 2023, and NAB has forecast a peak of 2.25 per cent by the end of 2024.


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Do you really need to save a 20 per cent deposit?

first-home buyers

More first home buyers are giving up on saving a 20 per cent deposit, as sky-high property prices blow out the time it takes to pull together a down payment on a home.

Aspiring homeowners have been flocking to government loan guarantee schemes and the bank of mum and dad in a bid to get into the market faster amid rapidly rising prices. Others are forking out extra money for lenders mortgage insurance, so they can buy with a smaller deposit.

“It’s not really the goal,” Melbourne mortgage broker Daniel Koutzamanis, director of BLVD Finance, said of reaching the traditional 20 per cent deposit. “With first-home buyers, the conversation is more around what’s the minimum I need … to get a foot in the door.”

Few of his first home buyer clients have saved a 20 per cent deposit and were instead taking out lenders mortgage insurance, which is required when borrowing more than 80 per cent of a property’s value.

About 30 per cent of clients had turned to their family for a cash gift or loan guarantee, waiving the need for LMI. The federal government’s now rebranded and expanded Home Guarantee Scheme has also proven popular, but spots for those buying existing properties ran out quickly.

It was a similar story on Sydney’s northern beaches, where at least a third of first home buyers were getting help from the bank of mum and dad via a cash gift, loan or guarantee, said mortgage broker James Algar, principal at Mortgage Choice Dee Why. However, the government scheme was of little use there, with entry-level unit prices topping the price threshold.

“First home buyers are still striving to get to that 20 per cent, but not a high number are actually getting to it, especially not in our area,” he said.

Already almost 60,000 people have used the Home Guarantee Scheme, which enables first home buyers and single parents to purchase with a 5 per cent and 2 per cent deposit respectively, without the need for LMI. Another 50,000 places will now be available per year, as announced in last week’s federal budget.

“[Saving a 20 per cent deposit has] really become unrealistic for a lot of people, the expansion of the scheme is … an admission that it’s very hard, and getting harder,” said Richard Whitten, editor of home loans at Finder.

First home buyers were often encouraged to cut back on small daily pleasures and buckle down on spending to save a deposit, Mr Whitten said. But such sacrifices barely made a dent in the time taken to save a deposit, given property prices nationally climbed 18.2 per cent over the past year to $738,975, on the latest CoreLogic figures.

Prospective homebuyers in Sydney would need to give up 52,191 takeaway coffees to save enough for a median home deposit, Finder modelling shows, or skip more than 11,000 meals out. Their Melbourne counterparts would need to skip about 35,700 coffees or some 8050 meals out before the savings equated to a 20 per cent deposit.

“People fixate on coffee or brekkie out, but that doesn’t help that much, it’s overall budgeting,” he said, noting larger scale switches like finding a more affordable rental or moving back home with family, where possible, had a much greater impact on savings.

Though buying with a smaller deposit resulted in higher repayments, and more money spent on interest, first-home buyers would still be better off buying sooner rather than later in a rapidly rising market, Mr Whitten said.

However, with price growth flattening, the pressure on first home buyers had eased slightly, and those close to a 20 per cent deposit might decide to spend a few more months saving rather than rushing to purchase now.

Mr Algar is already seeing some first home buyers, mostly those able to live in the family home, now delaying plans to purchase, deciding they would rather keep saving as prices were no longer running away from them.

“[They’re more likely to] say I’ll sit tight because I don’t think I’ll pay any more for a property in a year’s time,” he said.

For those close to a 20 per cent deposit, a few more months saving could give them greater lending options, Mr Algar said. For a smaller deposit, getting to at least 10 per cent, could see a big reduction in LMI costs.

He had yet to hear concerns from first home buyers about the risk of falling into negative equity, if they purchased with a small deposit in a cooling market, but felt it was something they should be mindful of.

Mortgage broker Anthony Landahl, managing director of Equilibria Finance, said some first home buyers were sitting back on their hands, but more due to affordability constraints, and he expected to see a pickup in activity with the expanded government scheme.

With interest rate hikes on the horizon, some first home buyers may be reluctant to borrow as much as they previously might have, but he felt there would still be many who borrowed to their full capacity.

More than half of his first home buyer clients were not saving a 20 per cent deposit, and those who needed assistance were more likely to turn to family help than the government schemes, which had limited availability, and price caps that were too low in some markets.


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